The American Eskimo

Other namesEskimo Spitz
American Spitz
German Spitz
OriginGermany, United States

As small as they look, the American Eskimo was originally bred to guard people and properties there for it’s a territorial dog by nature. Although the American Eskimo is not considered an aggressive breed but due to its watch dog history, they are very vocal When it comes to barking at strangers who comes in proximity to their owners property or territory.

The breed was first officially recognized as the “American Eskimo” as early as 1919 by the American United Kennel Club (UKC), and the first written record and history of the breed was printed in 1958 by the UKC. At that time there was no official breed club and no breed standard, and dogs were accepted for registration as single dogs, based on appearance. In 1970 the National American Eskimo Dog Association (NAEDA) was founded, and single dog registrations ceased.


The average life expectancy of the American Eskimo is 12-15 years. The breed tends to become overweight so diet and exercises is needed to maintain a good well being. Health testing should be performed regularly by breeders and also anyone getting the American Eskimo pup should be aware of its genetic problems which are * PRA [progressive retinal atrophy], luxating patella and hip dysplasia. None of these are comon and the Eskimo breeds are generally healthy dogs.


Toy. Mini. Standard

Toy: 9–12 inches and 5–10 lbs / 22–30 cm and 2.27–4.5 kg

Miniature: 12–15 inches and 10–20 lbs / 30–40 cm and 4.5–9 kg

Standard: 15–20 inches and 15–40 lbs / 38–50 cm and 6.8–18 kg


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